Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation (CARA)
Museums: Bronx Museum of the Arts New York, The San Antonio Museum of Art, El Paso Museum of Art, Mexico City Modern Art Museum, Denver Art Museum, Albuquerque Museum of Art, San Francisco Museum of Modem Art, Fresno Art Museum, Tucson Museum of Art, National Museum of American Art, Wright Art Gallery at UCLA, Museo de America, Spain
Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture
Compañeros and Partners: The CARA Project
by Alicia M. González and Edith A. Tonelli
paper presented at the conference Museums and Communities
held at the International Center of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and the Smithsonian
ISBN: 1-56098-164-4 (h); 1-56098-189-x (p)
Smithsonian Books 1992
Linda Vallejo work cited on p. 280: Food of the Gods (1984)
Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation (CARA) was a traveling exhibit of 180 Chicano/a artists inaugurated at the UCLA Wight Art Gallery in Los Angeles which toured the US from 1990 through 1993. CARA visited ten major cities including the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Fresno Art Museum, Tucson Museum of Art, Denver Art Museum, Albuquerque Museum of Art, National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC, Bronx Museum of the Arts, El Paso Museum of Art, and the San Antonio Museum of Art.
CARA was the first time a Chicano exhibit received major attention from the press and it was the first exhibit that collaborated between Chicanos and major museums in the U.S. The show was considered a “notable event in the development of Chicano art.”
The final touring exhibit included paintings, murals and installations. Over forty murals were shown via slideshow. The first section of the show contained a short history of Chicanos going back to the pre-Columbian era, discussing the concept of Aztlán and including significant events up until 1965. The other areas of the exhibit were divided into themes that were representative of the Chicano movement: Feminist Visions, Reclaiming the Past, Regional Expressions and Redefining American Art.
The CARA exhibit was created through the joint actions of the Wight Art Gallery at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the CARA National Advisory Committee. These two groups started planning in 1984, but the idea for the exhibit began in 1983, when Cecelia Klein, Shifra Goldman, and several graduate students (Maria de Herrera, Holly Barnet-Sanchez and Marcos Sanchez-Tranquilino) asked the new director of the Wight Art Gallery, Edith Tonelli, about creating a unique Chicano art exhibit. The Rockefeller Foundation was also involved in the initial planning process and the implementation phases of the project.
Artists included: Steve Abame, Emilio Aguayo, Mario Aguilar, Juana Alicia, Carlos Almaraz, Cecilia Alvarez, Guillermo Aranda, Robert Arenivar, Alfredo Arreguin, David Avalos, Adam Avila, Judith Baca, “Balazo”, Sal Barajas, Santa Barraza, Carlos “Moth” Barrera, Stephanie Barrett, Carlos Bernal, Charles “Chaz” Bojorquez, David Rivas Botello, M.T. Bryan, Herlinda Bustamante, Jesus “Chuy” Campusano, Barbara Carrasco, Eduardo Carrillo, Graciela Carrillo, Juan Carrillo, Mel Casas, Tomas “Coyote” Castañeda, Mario E. Castillo, Isabel Castro, Juan Cervantes, Susan Cervantes, Yreina Cervantez, Teresa M. Chacon, Armando Cid, Luis Cortazar, Rudy Cuellar, Roberto de la Rocha, Maria Luisa Delgado-Partin, Neto del Sol, Daniel Desiga, Aurelio Diaz, Richard Duardo, Gaspar Enriquez, Carlota D. Espinoza, Ricardo Favela, Charles W.”Cat” Felix Jr., Rudy M. Fernandez, Carlos Fresquez, Juan R. Fuentes, Alex Galindo, Felipe Gallegos, Daniel Galvez, Jose Galvez, Diane Gamboa, Harry Gamboa, Jr., Miguel A. Gandert, Lorraine Garcia, Max E. Garcia, Rupert García, Geronimo Garduño, Alex Garza, Carmen Lomas Garza, Danny Gaytan, Ignacio Gomez, José Gamaliel González, Jose Luis Gonzalez, Juan Silverio Gonzalez, Louie “The Foot” González, Gronk, David Diaz Guerrero, Zarco Guerrero, Gilberto Guzman, Ruben Guzman, Richard Haro, Wayne Alaniz Healy, Ester Hernandez, Juan Hernandez, Willie Herrón, Frank V. Hinojosa, Juanita Jaramillo, Luis Jimenez, Richard Jimenez, Gustavo Kasillas, Carlos Cortéz Koyokuikatl, Francisco LeFebre, Irma Lerma Barbosa, Liz Lerma Bowerman, Luis LeRoy, Samuel Leyba, Mano Lima, Leo Limón, Samuel Llamas, David A Lopez, Yolanda M. López, Linda Lucero, Gilbert “Magu” Luján, Tony Machado, Mike Maestas, Ralph Maradiaga, César A. Martínez, Emanuel Martinez, Ernesto Martinez, Rudy Martinez, Santos Martínez, Consuelo Mendez, Vicente Mendoza, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Richard Montez, Delilah Montoya, Gina Montoya, José Montoya, Malaquias Montoya, Martin Moreno, Celia Muñoz, Jose Nario, Osha Neumann, Victor Ochoa, Miriam Olivo, Rodolfo B. Ornelas, Lee Orona, Juanishi Orosco, Stan Padilla, Ernesto Palmino, Raymond M. Patlán, Antonio Pazos, Amado M. Peña, Jr., Antonia A. Perez, Antonio Perez, Irene Perez, Rosa M. Quezada, David Ramirez, Joe B. Ramos, Marcos Raya, Michael Rios, Sam Rios, Patricia Rivera, Celia Rodriguez, Gabriel Rodriguez, Joe Bastida Rodriguez, Manuel “Spain” Rodriguez, Patricia Rodriguez, Pedro A. Rodriguez, Peter Rodríguez, Richard Rodriguez, Arturo Roman, Frank Romero, Tere Romo, Carlos Rosas, Richard Rueda, Al Sanchez, Fred Sanchez, Thelma Heavilin Sanchez, Vivian Sanchez, Teddy Sandoval, Carlos Santistevan, Edward Serros, Leo Tanguma, O’Brian Thiele, David Tineo, Mario Acevedo Torero, Anastacio Torres, Salvador Roverto Torres, David Torrez, Ruben Trejo, Jesse Treviño, Rudy R. Treviño, Manuel Unzueta, John Valadez, Patssi Valdez, Susan Valdez Torres, Linda Vallejo, Ricardo Valverde, Kathy Vargas, Emigdio Vasquez, Salvador Vega, Manuel Venegas, Esteban Villa, Xavier Viramontes, Larry Yáñez, René Yañez, and Andrew Sanchez Zermeño